Executive Summary

  1. “Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims.” U.S. Department of Labor. August 2020. https://www.dol.gov/ui/data.pdf
  2. “1 big thing: Economists foresee an unemployment ‘tsunami’ coming.” Rabouin. Axios. August 2020. https://www.axios.com/newsletters/axios-markets-12675eed-329f-41b4-978d-4120b6580c12.html?chunk=0&utm_term=emshare#stor
  3. “How Did COVID-19 and Stabilization Policies Affect Spending and Employment? A New Real-Time Economic Tracker Based on Private Sector Data.” Chetty, Friedman, Hendren, Stepner, et al. Opportunity Insights. June 2020. https://opportunityinsights.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/tracker_paper.pdf
  4. “CBRE: Recent Covid-19 case increase tempers U.S. hotel outlook.” Airoldi. Travel Weekly. July 2020. https://www.travelweekly.com/Travel-News/Hotel-News/CBRE-Recent-Covid-19-case-increase-tempers-US-hotel-outlook
  5. “A parent’s dilemma: When will it be safe to send our kids back to school?” Sewing. The Houston Chronicle. August 2020. https://www.houstonchronicle.com/life/article/A-parent-s-dilemma-When-will-it-be-safe-to-15481479.php
  6. “Why Parents, With ‘No Good Choice’ This School Year, Are Blaming One Another.” Miller. The New York Times. August 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/13/upshot/coronavirus-school-parents-difficult-choices.html
  7. “Why the Relationship Between Kids and the Spread of COVID Remains Unclear.” Mostafavi. Michigan Health. August 2020. https://healthblog.uofmhealth.org/childrens-health/why-relationship-between-kids-and-spread-of-covid-remains-unclear
  8. “Students have lost learning due to COVID-19. Here are the economic consequences.” Holzer, Lanich. Brookings. May 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/students-have-lost-learning-due-to-covid-19-here-are-the-economic-consequences/
  9. “COVID-19 and student learning in the United States: The hurt could last a lifetime.” Dorn, Hancock, Sarakatsannis, and Viruleg. McKinsey & Company. June 2020. https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-and-social-sector/our-insights/covid-19-and-student-learning-in-the-united-states-the-hurt-could-last-a-lifetime
  10. “Working Moms Bear Brunt of Home Schooling While Working During COVID-19.” Heggeness, Fields. The U.S. Census Bureau. August 2020. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2020/08/parents-juggle-work-and-child-care-during-pandemic.html?#
  11. “Reynolds requests Presidential Major Disaster Declaration; says Iowa needs $3.99 billion.” KCCI Des Moines. August 2020. https://www.kcci.com/article/gov-reynolds-requests-presidential-major-disaster-declaration-derecho-iowa/33616434
  12. “At least 5 dead, nearly 700,000 acres burned as massive fires threaten Northern and Central California.” Lin, Money, Miller, Serna, and Chabria. The Los Angeles Times. August 2020. https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2020-08-20/evacuations-widen-bay-area-fires-threaten-san-jose
  13. Watts. WDBJ7 Weather. August 2020. https://twitter.com/wattsupbrent/status/1296658027609821188
  14. “Memorandum on Authorizing the Other Needs Assistance Program for Major Disaster Declarations Related to Coronavirus Disease 2019.” The White House. August 2020. https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/memorandum-authorizing-needs-assistance-program-major-disaster-declarations-related-coronavirus-disease-2019/

Average daily cases per 100,000 people in past week, by county

  1. “What Is Needed to Fix California’s Coronavirus Testing?” Ho. Governing.com. August 2020. https://www.governing.com/next/What-Is-Needed-to-Fix-Californias-Coronavirus-Testing.html
  2. “To speed up results, states limit COVID-19 testing.” Vestal. Herald Mail Media. August 2020. https://www.heraldmailmedia.com/news/nation/to-speed-up-results-states-limit-covid-19-testing/article_20891f06-d2aa-5889-bf5c-d416f62ad8ef.html
  3. Personal communication with infectious disease specialist Dr. William Pewen, June 2020
  4. “Defining the Epidemiology of Covid-19 — Studies Needed.” Lipstitch, Swerdlow, and Finelli. The New England Journal of Medicine. March, 2020. https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMp2002125?articleTools=true
  5. “Covid-19: four fifths of cases are asymptomatic, China figures indicate.” Day. BMJ. April 2020. https://www.bmj.com/content/369/bmj.m1375
  6. “142 more COVID-19 cases in state, 11 in Phillips County.” Drake. Great Falls Tribune. August 2020. https://www.greatfallstribune.com/story/news/2020/08/13/montana-covid-19-update-142-more-cases-state-11-phillips-county-august-13-thursday/3365512001/
  7. “Wedding linked to COVID-19 cases – updated.” Hogg. Great Bend Tribune. August 2020. https://www.gbtribune.com/news/community-covid-19/wedding-linked-multiple-covid-19-cases-update/
  8. “Tribal leaders warn of COVID-19 spread on Spirit Lake reservation.” Shirley. Inforum. August 2020. https://www.inforum.com/newsmd/coronavirus/6604784-Tribal-leaders-warn-of-COVID-19-spread-on-Spirit-Lake-reservation

Age-adjusted Covid-19-associated hospitalization rates

  1. “Trump plots broad health data overhaul after troubled rollout of Covid-19 database.” Tahir, Roubein. Politico. August 2020. https://www.politico.com/news/2020/08/19/trump-plots-broad-health-data-overhaul-after-troubled-rollout-of-covid-19-database-398403
  2. “Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 — COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1–July 25, 2020.” Center for Disease Control. August 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932e3.htm?s
  3. “To protect frontline workers during and after COVID-19, we must define who they are.” Tomer, Kane. Brookings Institution. June, 2020 https://www.brookings.edu/research/to-protect-frontline-workers-during-and-after-covid-19-we-must-define-who-they-are/
  4. “A Basic Demographic Profile of Workers in Frontline Industries.” Rho, Brown, and Fremstad. CEPR. April, 2020. https://cepr.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/2020-04-Frontline-Workers.pdf
  5. “Differential occupational risk for COVID‐19 and other infection exposure according to race and ethnicity.” Hawkins. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. June, 2020. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajim.23145
  6. “Report of the Secretary’s task force on black and minority health.” Heckler. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1985.
  7. “Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care.” The National Academies Press. Institute of Medicine. 2003.
  8. “A decade of studying implicit racial/ethnic bias in health care providers using the implicit association test.” Maina, Belton, Ginzberg, Singh, and Johnson. Social Science & Medicine. 2018.
  9. “’Weathering’ and Age Patterns of Allostatic Load Scores Among Blacks and Whites in the United States.” Geronimus, Hicken, Keen, and Bound. American Journal of Public Health. December, 2005 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16380565/
  10. “Structural racism and health inequities in the USA: evidence and interventions.” America: Equity and Equality in Health. Bailey, Krieger, Agenor, Graves, Linos, and Bassett. April, 2017.   https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30569-X/fulltext 
  11.  “National Diabetes Statistics Report 2020.” Center for Disease Control. 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf

Progress toward White House Opening Up America Again Guidelines

  1. “Washington’s coronavirus data reporting problems persist: State hasn’t had complete testing tallies since Aug. 1.” Kamb. The Seattle Times. August 2020. https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/health/washingtons-coronavirus-data-reporting-problems-persist-state-hasnt-had-complete-testing-tallies-since-aug-1/
  2. “Opening Up America Again.” The White House. https://www.whitehouse.gov/openingamerica/
  3. “Daily Log.” Covid Exit Strategy. https://www.covidexitstrategy.org/daily-log
  4. “COVID-19 State and Territory Action Tracker.” National Governors Association.  https://nga2.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=830dd807f53f44988ec2e2238c6829a5
  5. “COVID-19: LOCAL ACTION TRACKER.” National League of Cities. https://covid19.nlc.org/resources/covid-19-local-action-tracker/
  6. “Axios-Ipsos poll: 1 in 2 has a personal connection to the virus.” Talev. Axios. August 2020. https://www.axios.com/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-index-poll-week-20-a044cef6-9284-48ec-9bfa-7e3deeef7538.html

Paycheck Protection Program loans per capita

  1. “Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Report.” U.S. Small Business Administration. August 2020. https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/136/SBA-Paycheck-Protection-Program-Loan-Report-Round2.pdf
  2. “Trump administration releases list of companies that received most money from small business bailout loans.” Hirsch, Pramuk. CNBC. July, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/06/coronavirus-stimulus-list-of-ppp-small-business-loan-recipients-released.html
  3. “The PPP worked how it was supposed to. That’s the problem.” Stewart. Vox. July, 2020. https://www.vox.com/recode/2020/7/13/21320179/ppp-loans-sba-paycheck-protection-program-polling-kanye-west
  4. “SBA, Treasury release names of some PPP recipients.” Drew. Journal of Accountancy. July 2020. https://www.journalofaccountancy.com/news/2020/jul/sba-treasury-release-names-of-ppp-recipients.html
  5. “Las Vegas over Detroit: The destinations of $521B in PPP loans.” USA Facts. August 2020. https://usafacts.org/articles/las-vegas-over-detroit-destinations-521b-ppp-loans/
  6. “Economic Tracker”. Opportunity Insights. June 2020. https://www.tracktherecovery.org/

FY 2020 and 2021 preliminary estimates of decline in tax revenues by state

  1. “New York State of Opportunity, FY2021 Enacted Budget Financial Plan.” Cuomo, Mujica. April 2020. https://www.budget.ny.gov/pubs/archive/fy21/enac/fy21-enacted-fp.pdf
  2. “Consensus Revenue Agreement Executive Summary.” Eubanks. Michigan Department of Treasury. May, 2020. https://www.house.mi.gov/hfa/PDF/RevenueForecast/CREC_Executive_Summary_May2020.pdf
  3. “New Boston Fed analyses outline grim economic consequences of COVID-19 pandemic in New England.” Bean. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. April, 2020. https://www.bostonfed.org/news-and-events/news/2020/04/neppc-covid-analysis.aspx?utm_source=email-alert&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nep&utm_content=neppc-covid-19200422
  4. “Nevada COVID-19 Fiscal Report.” Sisolak. July, 2020. https://aboutblaw.com/RQN
  5. “Council on Revenues Letter to Governor Ige.” Kawafuchi. Council on Revenues. May, 2020. http://files.hawaii.gov/tax/useful/cor/2020gf05-28_with0529_Rpt2Gov.pdf
  6. “Consensus Revenue Estimating Group – June 2020 Special Session Revenue Update.” Staff Economists of the Legislative Finance Committee, Taxation and Revenue Department, Department of Finance and Administration, and Department of Transportation. May, 2020. https://www.nmlegis.gov/Entity/LFC/Documents/Revenue_Reports/General_Fund_Revenue_Forecast/2020/Consensus%20Revenue%20Forecast%20Memo%20-%20Special%20Session%202020.pdf
  7. “State and Local Expenditures.” Urban Institute. 2011 to present. https://www.urban.org/policy-centers/cross-center-initiatives/state-and-local-finance-initiative/state-and-local-backgrounders/state-and-local-expenditures
  8. “Federal Funding For State and Local Contact Tracing Efforts Is An Urgent Priority, and a Bargain.” Salomon, Reingold. HealthAffairs. May, 2020.  https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20200506.867202/full/
  9. “Coronavirus Cases Are Surging. The Contact Tracing Workforce Is Not.” Simmons-Duffin. NPR. August, 2020. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/08/07/899954832/coronavirus-cases-are-surging-the-contact-tracing-workforce-is-not

Households to be reached by census door-to-door operations that are in Covid hotspots

  1. “2020 Census Barriers, Attitudes and Motivators Study.” U.S. Census Bureau. June, 2019. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/2020-census/research-testing/communications-research/2020_cbams.html
  2. “In The United States District Court For The Southern District Of New York.” State of New York. August 2020. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7040830-State-of-New-York-Aug-19-2020-Declaration-of.html
  3. “2020 Census Housing Unit Enumeration Progress by State as of 8/21/2020.” https://2020census.gov/en/response-rates/nrfu.html

Non-voters who cited structural reasons for not voting in the 2016 election

  1. “2016 November General Election Turnout Rates.” McDonald. The United States Election Project. September, 2018.  http://www.electproject.org/2016g
  2. “Election 2020: Voters are Highly Engaged, but Nearly Half Expect to Have Difficulties Voting.” Pew Research Center. August, 2020 https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2020/08/13/election-2020-voters-are-highly-engaged-but-nearly-half-expect-to-have-difficulties-voting/

Readiness to vote by mail in a pandemic

  1. “Election limbo as coronavirus outbreak delays voting in at least 13 states.” Cassidy. Fox News. March, 2020. https://www.foxnews.com/politics/election-limbo-as-coronavirus-outbreak-delays-voting-in-at-least-13-states
  2. “Polling places moved from nursing homes; other changes amid coronavirus concerns.” Siegel, Cunningham, and Barr. ABC News. March, 2020. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/states-scramble-move-polling-places-nursing-homes-stock/story?id=69587292
  3. “Confusion, long lines at some poll sites as eight U.S. states vote during coronavirus pandemic.” Whitesides, Renshaw. Reuters. June, 2020. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election/confusion-long-lines-at-some-poll-sites-as-eight-u-s-states-vote-during-coronavirus-pandemic-idUSKBN2391B5
  4. “Considerations for Election Polling Locations and Voters.” CDC. June, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/election-polling-locations.html
  5. “EAVS Deep Dive: Early, Absentee And Mail Voting.” US Election Assistance Commission. October, 2017. https://www.eac.gov/documents/2017/10/17/eavs-deep-dive-early-absentee-and-mail-voting-data-statutory-overview
  6. “How does vote-by-mail work and does it increase election fraud?” West. Brookings. June, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/policy2020/votervital/how-does-vote-by-mail-work-and-does-it-increase-election-fraud/
  7. “Voting by mail in a pandemic: A state-by-state scorecard.” Kamarck, Ibreak, Powers, and Stewart. Brookings. July, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/research/voting-by-mail-in-a-pandemic-a-state-by-state-scorecard/
  8. “Pandemic Election Preparedness Project.” Kamarck, Ibreak, Powers, and Stewart. Brookings. July, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/PEPP_Key_July-15.pdf

Counties with no or only one newspaper (often only a weekly) that also have high Covid rates

  1. “Three Months In, Many Americans See Exaggeration, Conspiracy Theories and Partisanship in COVID-19 News.” Mitchell, Jurkowitz, Oliphant, and Shearer. Pew Research Center. June 2020. https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/29/three-months-in-many-americans-see-exaggeration-conspiracy-theories-and-partisanship-in-covid-19-news/
  2. “Hispanic Resource Council launches COVID outreach campaign.” Layton. ChicoSol. August 2020. http://chicosol.org/2020/08/13/hispanic-resource-council-launches-covid-outreach-campaign/
  3. Personal communication with infectious disease specialist Dr. William Pewen, August 2020
  4. “News Deserts And Ghost Newspapers: Will Local News Survive?” UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media. 2020.  https://www.usnewsdeserts.com/reports/news-deserts-and-ghost-newspapers-will-local-news-survive/
  5. “The coronavirus has closed more than 50 local newsrooms across America. And counting.” Hare. Poynter. August 2020. https://www.poynter.org/locally/2020/the-coronavirus-has-closed-more-than-25-local-newsrooms-across-america-and-counting/

Children in households without internet and computer

  1. “COVID-19: The Impact of Limited Internet Access and Issues with Social Distancing for Native Students.” Howard, Sundust. American Indian Policy Institute at ASU. https://aipi.asu.edu/sites/default/files/indigenous_digital_divide_policy_brief.pdf
  2. “For tribal lands ravaged by COVID-19, broadband access is a matter of life and death.” Blackwater. AZ Central. May, 2020. https://www.azcentral.com/story/opinion/op-ed/2020/05/09/arizona-tribal-lands-need-broadband-access-help-fight-covid-19/5177693002/
  3. “As schools close due to the coronavirus, some U.S. students face a digital ‘homework gap.’” Auxier, Anderson. Pew Research. March 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/03/16/as-schools-close-due-to-the-coronavirus-some-u-s-students-face-a-digital-homework-gap/
  4. “The impact of COVID-19 on student achievement and what it may mean for educators.” Soland, Kuhfeld, Tarasawa, Johnson, Ruzek, and Liu. Brookings. May, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2020/05/27/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-student-achievement-and-what-it-may-mean-for-educators/
  5. “COVID-19 and student learning in the United States: The hurt could last a lifetime.” Dorn, Hancock, Sarakatsannis, and Viruleg. McKinsey & Company. June 2020. https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-and-social-sector/our-insights/covid-19-and-student-learning-in-the-united-states-the-hurt-could-last-a-lifetime

Employment rate, by race and age

  1. “A Basic Demographic Profile of Workers in Frontline Industries.” Rho, Brown, and Fremstad. Center for Economic and Policy Research. April 2020. https://cepr.net/a-basic-demographic-profile-of-workers-in-frontline-industries/
  2. “A Profile of Frontline Workers in Massachusetts.” Schuster, Mattos. Boston Indicators. April 2020. https://www.bostonindicators.org/article-pages/2020/april/frontline_workers 
  3. “Profile of Essential Workers in Virginia During COVID-19: Women, People of Color, and Immigrants Are Important Contributors In Front-line Virginia Industries.” Mendes, Goren. The Commonwealth Institute. April 2020. https://www.thecommonwealthinstitute.org/2020/04/22/profile-of-essential-workers-in-virginia-during-covid-19-women-people-of-color-and-immigrants-are-important-contributors-in-front-line-virginia-industries/
  4. “The Importance of a First Job.” Decker. Aspen Institute. November, 2016. https://www.aspeninstitute.org/blog-posts/finding-opportunities-opportunity-youth/

Food insecurity by state

  1. “Feeding Low-Income Children during the Covid-19 Pandemic.” Dunn, Kenney, Fleischhacker, and Bleich. New England Journal of Medicine. April, 2020.  https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2005638 
  2. “‘Never Seen Anything Like It’: Cars Line Up for Miles at Food Banks.” Kulish. NY Times. May, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/08/business/economy/coronavirus-food-banks.html
  3. “Great Plates Delivered: Home meals for seniors.” Official California State Government Website. July, 2020. https://covid19.ca.gov/restaurants-deliver-home-meals-for-seniors/
  4. “Schools Rethink How to Distribute Meals Due to Coronavirus.” Hobbs. Wall Street Journal. April, 2020. https://www.wsj.com/articles/schools-rethink-how-to-distribute-meals-due-to-coronavirus-11586700000
  5. “COVID-19 means a ‘new normal.’” Morello. Feeding America. May, 2020. https://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-blog/covid-19-means-new-normal
  6. “FNS Actions to Respond to COVID-19.” USDA Food and Nutrition Service. July, 2020. https://www.fns.usda.gov/disaster/pandemic/covid-19#:~:text=Pandemic%20EBT%3A%20FNS%20is%20allowing,or%20reduced%2Dprice%20school%20meals.&text=Fresh%20Fruit%20and%20Vegetable%20Program,them%20home%20to%20their%20children
  7. “New Orleans launches program to distribute 60K daily meals this July; here’s how you can sign up.” Williams. The New Orleans Advocate. July, 2020. https://www.nola.com/news/coronavirus/article_b98d61f2-bbad-11ea-9a8b-fb24801d507a.html
  8. “Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker announces $3.3 million in grants to address food insecurity from coronavirus pandemic.” Hanson. MassLive. August 2020. https://www.masslive.com/coronavirus/2020/08/massachusetts-gov-charlie-baker-announces-33-million-in-grants-to-address-food-insecurity-from-coronavirus-pandemic.html
  9. “Tracking the COVID-19 Recession’s Effects on Food, Housing, and Employment Hardships.” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. August 2020. https://www.cbpp.org/research/poverty-and-inequality/tracking-the-covid-19-recessions-effects-on-food-housing-and
  10. “Examining the Impact of Structural Racism on Food Insecurity: Implications for Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disparities.” Odoms-Young, Bruce. Family & Community Health. April, 2020. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5823283/
  11. “Food Insecurity And Health Outcomes.” Gunderson, Ziliak. Health Affairs. November, 2015. https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0645
  12. “People of Any Age with Underlying Medical Conditions.” CDC. July, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html

Housing insecurity by state

  1. “Adults in Households With Children Report Higher Rate of Late Housing Payments and Food Shortages Amid COVID-19” Monte, O’Donnell. U.S. Census Bureau. June, 2020. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2020/06/the-risks-children-face-during-pandemic.html
  2. “How Does the Federal Eviction Moratorium Impact the Emergency Solutions Grant and Continuum of Care Program?” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. https://files.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/Eviction-Moratorium-Impact-on-ESG-and-CoC-Programs.pdf
  3. “Executive Order on Fighting the Spread of COVID-19 by Providing Assistance to Renters and Homeowners.” The White House. August 2020. https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-fighting-spread-covid-19-providing-assistance-renters-homeowners/
  4. “HUD to extend foreclosure ban protecting 8.1 million people until 2021.” O’Donnell. Politico. August 2020. https://www.politico.com/news/2020/08/18/hud-foreclosure-evictions-ban-397960
  5. “Idaho sees spike in eviction cases after federal moratorium expires.” Inglet. August 2020. https://www.ktvb.com/article/news/health/coronavirus/idaho-sees-spike-in-eviction-cases-after-federal-moratorium-expires-housing-homelessness/277-bfbb26d9-dac3-4d4b-bff7-89b85767b013
  6. “With no moratorium in place for FL renters, ‘We expect a tsunami of evictions.’” Cassels. The Florida Phoenix. August 2020. https://www.floridaphoenix.com/2020/08/19/with-no-moratorium-in-place-for-fl-renters-we-expect-a-tsunami-of-evictions/
  7. “At least 400 eviction filings in Marion County after moratorium expires.” Deng. WISHTV. August 2020. https://www.wishtv.com/news/i-team-8/at-least-400-eviction-filings-in-marion-county-after-moratorium-expires/
  8. “Eviction Moratoriums don’t solve the problem, they simply shift the problem to someone else.” Pollack. Chamber Business News. August 2020. https://chamberbusinessnews.com/2020/08/17/eviction-moratoriums-dont-solve-the-problem-they-simply-shift-the-problem-to-someone-else/
  9. “Mortgage Delinquencies Spike in the Second Quarter of 2020.” DeSanctis. Mortgage Bankers Association. August 2020. https://www.mba.org/2020-press-releases/august/mortgage-delinquencies-spike-in-the-second-quarter-of-2020

Housing and food insecurity among children by state

  1. “Protecting Children From Unhealthy Homes and Housing Instability.” Office of Policy Development & Research. 2014. https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/em/fall14/highlight3.html
  2. “Reduce poverty by improving housing stability.” Cunningham. Urban Wire. June 2016. https://www.urban.org/urban-wire/reduce-poverty-improving-housing-stability#:~:text=Housing%20plays%20a%20critical%20role,it%2C%20there%20are%20terrible%20consequences.&text=Housing%20instability%20can%20lead%20to,low%20test%20scores%20among%20children.
  3. The Importance of Housing Affordability and Stability for Preventing and Ending Homelessness. The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. May 2019. https://www.usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/Housing-Affordability-and-Stablility-Brief.pdf
  4. “Food Security, Poverty, and Human Development in the United States.” Cook, Frank. PubMed. February 2008. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5890463_Food_Security_Poverty_and_Human_Development_in_the_United_States
  5. “Food insecurity and the risks of depression and anxiety in mothers and behavior problems in their preschool-aged children.” Whitaker, Phillips, and Orzol. PubMed. September 2006.  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16950971/
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